João Paulo dos Santos Silva


REFERENCE: SILVA, João Paulo dos Santos. “PRODUTORES ALIMENTAM CIDADES”: UMA ANÁLISE DAS PRÁTICAS EDUCATIVAS DA COMIGO NA TECNOSHOW. 2015. 144 f. Dissertação (Mestrado em Educação) - Universidade Federal de Goiás, 2015.


AUTHOR: João Paulo dos Santos Silva
ADVISOR: Prof. Dr. Cátia Regina Assis Almeida Leal
RESEARCH LINE: Culture, Teaching and Learning Processes
DEFENSE DATE: 09/28/2015


The unequal land division in Brazil is a controversial subject that has its origin in past and present facts. The colonization implemented by the Portuguese crown allowed the right to land ownership to be restricted to certain families. Recently, a historical fact that directly affected the continuity of this land distribution model was agricultural modernization. Two perspectives of analysis have been used to understand the phenomenon of modernization. Hegemonically, this process is analyzed by the bonus arising from economic growth, and by the counter hegemony bias, it's understood that other factors should also be accounted for, such as: social exclusion and ecological crisis. In order to participate in the debate on agricultural development in Brazil, we present a research carried out in Goiás Southwest Microregion. Through this study, we propose to demonstrate how education happens in the most unusual situations, and also, as all social construction it's not oblivious to class determinations. To make this reflection, we sought to identify the nuances of class contradictions in the local agricultural sector, based on the analysis of educational practices at the Tecnoshow agricultural technology fair organized by the Agroindustrial Cooperative of Rural Producers of Southwest Goiano (COMIGO). The choice of this event was based on the concept of education defended by some authors, such as: Brandão, Pessoa, among others, who understand that education is a social process that happens in all spaces where symbolic exchanges take place. Thus, it's understood that in this space not only the sale of technology, but also the production of knowledge. By being engendered in a divided society, education is not a space that is oblivious to the contradictions inherent in class interests. The economic elite selects the symbolic representations that can be learned, and by fostering educational practices, culturally shapes society to adhere to its development proposal. As a source we used the bibliographic and documentary research. Theoretical studies were used, addressing the theme of modernization of agriculture in Brazil, and especially in the region studied. Documentary, printed and digital sources made available by COMIGO and other institutions present at the fair in the 2014 edition were also used. From the data, it was concluded that COMIGO is an institution that has been economically favored with the current agricultural reality, and in order to assert her class interests, she carries out her educational practices at the tech fair, which ideologically seek to teach that agribusiness is socially fair, environmentally sound, and allows the success of any producer interested in undertaking. However, the data lead to the conclusion this view of COMIGO does not actually hold, as the current agricultural development proposal has been a factor of social exclusion, has actively contributed to the environmental crisis, and still introduces smallholding with co-optation objective. This study was conducted in the Education Postgraduate Program of the Federal University of Goiás - Jataí Regional, with the help (scholarship) of the Coordination of Higher Education Personnel (CAPES).